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Rural-urban migration and employment quality: A case study from Thailand

Published by: ADB

This study investigates the effects of rural–urban migration on economic development in Thailand. It draws upon a panel database of 2,000 rural households collected from 2008 to 2010 in three provinces from Northeast Thailand and a survey of 650 migrants in the Greater Bangkok area conducted in 2010. The study offers some new findings on migration in Thailand. First, there is evidence of a need for better social protection for urban migrants. Second, the study shows that migration benefits income growth for rural households but is less effective in reducing inequality and relative poverty in rural areas. Generally, migrants are more educated albeit at an overall low education level in the rural areas. The message emerging from this paper is that poor rural households tend to produce poor migrants which could be one of the reasons for the continuous existence of a wide rural–urban divide in welfare. The crucial importance of good quality education for migrants to achieve higher quality employment calls for more investment in education quality in rural areas.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Economy and commerce
  • Education and training
  • Foreign workers in country
  • Informal migration for labor
  • Local workers abroad
  • Migration
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Thailand
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY 3.0 IGO)

Version / Edition 1.0
License CC-BY-4.0

Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila,

Author (individual) Amare, Mulubrhan
Author (corporate) Asian Development Bank
Co-author (individual) Hohfeld, Lena; Jitsuchon, Somchai; Waibel, Hermann
ISSN number 16555252
Publication place Manila, Philippines
Publisher Asian Development Bank
Publication date 2012
Pagination 27
Keywords Rural,Urban,Employment Quality
Date uploaded June 24, 2015, 20:52 (UTC)
Date modified September 16, 2020, 07:00 (UTC)